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    三、心理咨询的功能有哪些?   
    心理咨询是现在正在进行的心理健康教育的一个重要工作;心理咨询可以帮助来访者解决问题,发挥其最大潜能;心理咨询可以影响团体的态度和行为方式。   
 
    四、大学生心理咨询的意义   
    ①解决紧张应激压力的主要手段    
    随着社会进步和科技发展,大学生的物质生活和精神生活日益丰富,对自身的心身健康也日趋重视,稍有不适,即希望得到诊治。同时,人的社会化程度越高,人际交往越频繁,社会生活节奏加快,改革创新给大学生在心理上造成的纠葛也越趋复杂,在心身和社会活动方面增添的负荷也越趋繁重。从而导致紧张、焦虑,抑郁、压力,进一步发展出现精神障碍、心身障碍和行为偏离。   
 
    ②防治心身疾病   
    心身疾病是指以心理因素为重要原因的躯体疾病,有些已成为影响人类健康的大敌。运用心理咨询的方法,将有助于认识和改善心身疾病的心理社会因素,促进人们的健康生活水平。    
 
    ③心理卫生知识传播的重要途径    
许多来询者的问题实际上是一个心理卫生知识的问题。通过心理咨询可以介绍不同年龄期的心理卫生知识。   
 
    五、大学生心理咨询的特点   
    帮助性——心理咨询的双方,即来访者( counselee)和咨询者(counselor)的咨询动机是不一样的。来访者的动机是求助,咨询者的动机是帮助。心理咨询不是简单的商讨,而是咨询者通过商讨等手段帮助来访者解决求助的心理发展或适应方面的问题。帮助的涵义是:缓解来访者心理压力;改变来访者错误的认知观念;指导来访者掌握自我调控方法;协助来访者重新建立社会适应性行为;促使来访者更好地认识自我;鼓励来访者挖掘和利用潜在的积极因素。   
 
    互动性——心理咨询的来访者和咨询者是一种双向交流、彼此影响的互动关系。也就是一个来访者发出信息“刺激”,咨询者作出言语和行为“反应”,同时又将这种反应作为反馈信息“刺激”作用干来访者以使其作出进一步发出信息刺激“反应”这样的心理活动过程。这就需要双方建立自然、和谐、信任等良性的互动关系,使来访者毫无顾虑地坦陈心迹、和盘托出求助的问题。如果访咨双方互存疑虑和戒心,则势必难以达到心理咨询的目标。   
心理性——心理咨询仅局限于心理问题。求助和帮助的范围是发展或适应方面的问题或困难,解决心理问题的手段是运用专门的心理学方法。心理问题虽然大多由生活事件直接引起,但如果求助和帮助的重点集中在如何解决具体的生活事件上,则必然背离心理咨询的初衷。   
 
    渐进性——无论是发展问题还是适应困难,试图通过一次心理咨询就彻底解决是不现实的。这不仅因为这些发展问题或适应困难是接受了长期心理社会因素影响的结果,而且心理社会因素本身又极为复杂。虽然来访者求助的心情非常迫切,希望一下子就能解决问题,但咨询者则不能寄希望于一劳永逸,而应该一步一步地启发,循序渐进地对来访者提出要求,以使其在较低层次成功的基础上逐渐获取更大的成功,从而最终解决所期望解决的问题或困难。  

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RichardBof
Doctors have many challenges to face as they are perennially surrounded by patients, diseases, hospital duties and over-extended or odd shift timings. Universally, doctor is considered to be a noble profession and respectable one at that, but a doctor also has to work under immense pressures, emotional strains and other physical challenges.


A regular physician like most of us at some point face will have to deal with personal situations such as important family affairs, family holidays, sickness or pregnancy that may force them to abandon medical duties. At the same time, a hospital or a healthcare facility is also constantly faced with emergency situations that demand all hands on deck round-the-clock. Therefore, every hospital, clinic or nursing home is compelled to hire locum tenens or substitute doctor in order to keep the staffing under control at all times.


In fact, locum doctors are the most valuable asset for the medical community because they provide quality medical care and act as a helping-hand in emergency situations when the medical facilities need them the most.

Unlike regular or permanent doctors, locum doctor jobs are also ideal career options for medical interns and graduates because they offer a wide array of medical exposure in varied medical specialties, work cultures and healthcare systems. Locum jobs are challenging and flexible, thus an increasing number of medical professionals have benefitted from these jobs, so whether one is looking for a family physicians position or in a hospital or in a clinic, locum jobs for doctors are available at all levels and in different healthcare systems.


In addition, being a locum doctor gives a medical professional the control over their working hours, location of work and choice of area of specialisation. Technically, locum positions are not restricted to general physicians but they are also extended to other fields of medical specialisations such as cardiology, neurology and many more.

Travelling can be an integral part of locum jobs, and these distinctive features are a boon for many dedicated medical professionals who are eager to expand their medical careers with loads of multi-cultural medical experiences. The fact that locum agencies in the UK recruit tens of thousands of locums from across the globe in various NHS hospitals, private clinics, nursing homes and other public hospitals speaks volume of the popularity of locum jobs.


Locating or getting a locum tenens job is a simple task as long as you are registered with one of the many reputable locum agencies. These agencies act as the middle man between locum tenens and medical facilities, and they also look after all the details pertaining to travel for locum tenens, accommodation and the nature of locum work.

Thus, maintaining a healthy locum doctor-agency relationship benefits both the parties, and it also increases the probability of getting recommendable employment opportunities and businesses or vice-versa.
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